Thursday, 23 October 2014

TENSE CHART

TENSE    CHART  

Verb
(to play)
Tense
Use
Example
 I play
 Present simple                  
 ▪ Regular activities - routine - habits
▪ Anne and Sophie play tennis on Saturday afternoons.
 I am playing
 Present continuous     
 ▪ Continuous action now or at the present time.
▪ Anne and Sophie are playing at the moment.
 I have played
 Present Perfect Simple
                                             
 ▪ Finished part of a continuous action
 ▪ Completed actions in an unfinished period of time
 ▪ Recent events (no time mentioned)
 ▪ Past action with a result in the present.
 ▪ Experiences (no time mentioned)
▪ So far they have playedtwo sets.
▪ They
 have played several other matches this month.
▪ Their parents
 have justarrived. 
▪ Sophie
 has broken her racket so she's got to change it.
▪ They
 have played in many tournaments.
 I have been playing
 Present Perfect Continuous 
 ▪ Actions begun in the past which continue today.
▪ They have been playingtennis since 2 pm.
 I played
 Past Simple                          
 ▪ Finished actions at a specific time in the past.
▪ Last Saturday Sophieplayed in another tournament.
 I was playing
 Past Continuous                   
 ▪ Continuous actions at a specific time in the past.
▪ At 2.30 pm they were starting the second set.
 I had played
 Past Perfect Simple             
 ▪ Actions before a specific time in the past.
▪ Before they arrived,  two other people had played a match.
 I had been playing
 Past Perfect Continuous      
 ▪ Past continuous actions
▪ When their parents arrived, they were alreadyplaying.
 I will play
 Future simple                        
 ▪ Predictions 
 ▪ Spontaneous decisions or offers
▪ Sophie will win the match today.
 I'll lend you my tennis racket!
 I will be playing
 Future continuous             
 ▪ Future continuous actions
▪ Next Saturday they will be playing in another town.
 I will have played
 Future perfect                   
 ▪ Completed future action.
▪ By September, they will have played 12 matches.
 I will have been playing
 Future perfect continuous
 ▪ Continuous future action completed at a given time.
▪ At 4 pm Anne and Sophiewill have been playing for 2 hours.
 I would play
 Conditional Simple              
 ▪ Probable action in an imaginary situation
▪ I would play tennis if I had a racket.
 I would be playing
 Conditional Continuous
 ▪ Continuous action in an imaginary situation.
▪ Anne would be playingtennis if you came on a Saturday afternoon.
 I would have played
 Conditional  Perfect
 ▪ Speculating about hypothetical situations in the past.
▪ I would have playedyesterday if you had asked me.
 I would have been playing
 Cond. Perfect Continuous
 ▪ Continuous hypothetical situations.
▪ I would have been playing with Anne if I had won my last match.


1 comment:

  1. Thank you so much for this chart and explanations. They will help our teachers and pupils in English Grammar lessons.

    Elizabeth C. Ogwezzy
    PROPRIETRESS
    The Bethel Academy, Ugbolu, Delta State, Nigeria

    ReplyDelete