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Thursday, 23 October 2014

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense


The Past Perfect tense is used to express something that happened before another action in the past.
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
HAD
VERB (past participle)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
had
finished
the work.
You
had
finished
the work.
He
had
finished
the work.
Mohan
had
finished
the work.
The boy
had
finished
the work.
She
had
finished
the work.
Pooja
had
finished
the work.
The girl
had
finished
the work.
We
had
finished
the work.
You
had
finished
the work.
They
had
finished
the work.
The children
had
finished
the work.
Notice that we use ‘had’ and the past participle form of the verb for all subjects.
NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
HAD NOT
VERB (past participle)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
had not
talked
to my brother.
You
had not
talked
to my brother.
He
had not
talked
to my brother.
Mohan
had not
talked
to my brother.
The boy
had not
talked
to my brother.
She
had not
talked
to my brother.
Pooja
had not
talked
to my brother.
The girl
had not
talked
to my brother.
We
had not
talked
to my brother.
You
had not
talked
to my brother.
They
had not
talked
to my brother.
The children
had not
talked
to my brother.
Notice that we use ‘had not’ and the past participle form of the verb for all subjects.
INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
HAD
SUBJECT
VERB (past participle)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
Had
I
seen
the movie?
Had
you
seen
the movie?
Had
he
seen
the movie?
Had
Mohan
seen
the movie?
Had
the boy
seen
the movie?
Had
she
seen
the movie?
Had
Pooja
seen
the movie?
Had
the girl
seen
the movie?
Had
we
seen
the movie?
Had
you
seen
the movie?
Had
they
seen
the movie?
Had
the men
seen
the movie?

What is Past Perfect Tense?

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

USE: We use PAST PERFECT SIMPLE to talk about a past situation or activity that took place before another past situation or activity, or before a particular time in the past.
Example:
- When I got home, my mother had cooked already.
- When Chenda arrived at the party, Nara had gone home.
- We aren’t hungry because we had just had lunch.
FORMULA
Positive Sentence:
Subject + had + past participle + object/complement
Example:
- The train had left at 7:00.
- John had gone to Camcodia.
- We had gotten a letter from USA.
Negative Sentence:
Sub + had + not + past participle + obj/comp
Example:
- Dara had not visited anywhere.
- They had not gone to China.
- She had not changed her house.
Question:
Had + sub + past participle + obj/comp ?
Example:
- Had you studied English before?
- Had they lived in Malaysia?

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