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Thursday, 23 October 2014

Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense

In the Present Continuous tense, the action is on-going/ still going on and hence continuous. The present continuous tense is used to talk about actions that are happening at this current moment.
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
AM / ARE / IS
VERB + ing
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
am
watching
television.
You
are
watching
television.
He
is
watching
television.
Mohan
is
watching
television
The boy
is
watching
television.
She
is
watching
television.
Pooja
is
watching
television.
The girl
is
watching
television.
We
are
watching
television.
You
are
watching
television.
They
are
watching
television.
The children
are
watching
television.
Notice that we use
‘am’ with ‘I’,
‘is’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’
‘are’ with ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
AM NOT / ARE NOT / IS NOT
VERB + ing
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
am not
playing
chess.
You
are not
playing
chess.
He
is not
playing
chess.
Mohan
is not
playing
chess.
The boy
is not
playing
chess.
She
is not
playing
chess.
Pooja
is not
playing
chess.
The girl
is not
playing
chess.
We
are not
playing
chess.
You
are not
playing
chess.
They
are not
playing
chess.
The men
are not
playing
chess.
Notice that we use
‘am not’ with ‘I’,
‘is not’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’
‘are not’ with ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
AM / ARE / IS
SUBJECT
VERB
REST OF THE SENTENCE
Am
I
reading
a book?
Are
you
reading
a book?
Is
he
reading
a book?
Is
Mohan
reading
a book?
Is
the boy
reading
a book?
Is
she
reading
a book?
Is
Pooja
reading
a book?
Is
the girl
reading
a book?
Are
we
reading
a book?
Are
you
reading
a book?
Are
they
reading
a book?
Are
the men
reading
a book?
Notice the structure of the interrogative statements. We use
‘am’ with ‘I’,
‘is’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’
‘are’ with ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

What is Present Continuous Tense?

USE: We use PRESENT CONTINUOUS to talk about:
1) MOMENT OF SPEAKING: An activity that is taking place right now.
Example:
- They are reading newspaper.
- She is writing a letter to her friend.
- I am listening to the radio.
2) TEMPORARY SITUATION: An action which is occurring temporarily or around now.
Example:
- John is staying in Cambodia.
- I am studying at Phnom Penh International University.
- Dara and Kanitha are building a new house.
3) FUTURE PLAN: An action that we have already arranged to do in the future.
Example:
- I am flying to the USA this afternoon.
- Kanha is visiting her homeland next week.
- They are having a party tonight.
FORMULA
Positive Sentence:
Subject + be + verb-ing + (object/complement)
Example:
- I am laughing.
- He is speaking English.
- We are feeling bored.
Negative Sentence:
Sub + be + not + verb-ing + (obj/comp)
Example:
- The car is not running properly.
- They are not sleeping.
- I am not going to the market.
Question:
Be + sub + verb-ing + (obj/comp) ?
Example:
- Am I listening to music?
- Is that man talking to Jame?

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