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Thursday, 23 October 2014

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense

In the Present Perfect tense, the action is complete or has ended and hence termed Perfect. The exact time when the action happened is not important and hence, it is not mentioned in this tense.
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
HAVE / HAS
VERB (past participle)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
have
seen
this movie.
You
have
seen
this movie.
He
has
seen
this movie.
Mohan
has
seen
this movie.
The boy
has
seen
this movie.
She
has
seen
this movie.
Pooja
has
seen
this movie.
The girl
has
seen
this movie.
We
have
seen
this movie.
You
have
seen
this movie.
They
have
seen
this movie.
The children
have
seen
this movie.
Notice that we use
‘have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
‘has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
HAVE NOT / HAS NOT
VERB (past participle)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
have not
eaten
lunch.
You
have not
eaten
lunch.
He
has not
eaten
lunch.
Mohan
has not
eaten
lunch.
The boy
has not
eaten
lunch.
She
has not
eaten
lunch.
Pooja
has not
eaten
lunch.
The girl
has not
eaten
lunch.
We
have not
eaten
lunch.
You
have not
eaten
lunch.
They
have not
eaten
lunch.
The children
have not
eaten
lunch.
Notice that we use
‘have not’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
‘has not’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
HAVE / HAS
SUBJECT
VERB (past participle)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
Have
I
finished
the work?
Have
you
finished
the work?
Has
he
finished
the work?
Has
Mohan
finished
the work?
Has
the boy
finished
the work?
Has
she
finished
the work?
Has
Pooja
finished
the work?
Has
the girl
finished
the work?
Have
we
finished
the work?
Have
you
finished
the work?
Have
they
finished
the work?
Have
the men
finished
the work?
Notice that we use
‘have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
‘has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

 

What is Present Perfect Tense?

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

USE: We use PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE to talk about:
1) The action which has happened in the past and continue until now.
Example:
- I have learned English for three years.
- He has become a doctor since 2009.
- Jame has stopped working for two years until now.
2) The action that happened in the past, but the result is in present.
Example:
- We have built a house for our children.
- Michael has written a letter to his friend in Cambodia.
- I have made a company.
3) The action which has just finished at the moment of speaking (recent past action).
Example:
- John has just arrived home this morning.
- We have eaten rice at the moment.
- They have just finished work now.
FORMULA
Positive Sentence:
Subject + have/has + past participle + object/complement
Example:
- They have gone home now.
- A lot of people have moved their houses.
- Jany has arranged his office today.
Negative Sentence:
Sub + have/has + not + past participle + obj/comp
Example:
- They have not been in Cambodia.
- The global economy has not recovered yet.
- The environment problems have not completely solved.
Question:
Have/Has + sub + past participle + obj/comp ?
Example:
- Has she gotten married?
- Have you changed your work?

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