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Thursday, 23 October 2014

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

In the Present Perfect Continuous tense, the action has been taking place for some time and is still ongoing.The duration for which the action has been going on is usually mentioned in the present perfect continuous tense.
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
HAVE BEEN/ HAS BEEN
VERB + ing
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
have been
waiting
for an hour.
You
have been
waiting
for an hour.
He
has been
waiting
for an hour.
Mohan
has been
waiting
for an hour.
The boy
has been
waiting
for an hour.
She
has been
waiting
for an hour.
Pooja
has been
waiting
for an hour.
The girl
has been
waiting
for an hour.
We
have been
waiting
for an hour.
You
have been
waiting
for an hour.
They
have been
waiting
for an hour.
The children
have been
waiting
for an hour.
Notice that we use
‘have been’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
‘has been’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
HAVE NOT BEEN / HAS NOT BEEN
VERB + ing
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
have not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
You
have not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
He
has not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
Mohan
has not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
The boy
has not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
She
has not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
Pooja
has not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
The girl
has not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
We
have not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
You
have not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
They
have not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
The children
have not been
living
in Mumbai since March.
Notice that we use
‘have not been’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
‘has not been’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
HAVE / HAS
SUBJECT
BEEN
VERB + ing
REST OF THE SENTENCE
Have
I
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Have
you
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Has
he
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Has
Mohan
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Has
the boy
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Has
she
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Has
Pooja
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Has
the girl
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Have
we
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Have
you
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Have
they
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Have
the men
been
working
hard for the last three days?
Notice that we use
‘have’ with the subjects ‘I’, ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
‘has’ with the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

What is Present Perfect Continuous Tense?

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

USE: We use PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS to talk about:
1) Something which started in the past and has been in progress up to the present.
Example:
- We have been working all day.
- They have been waiting for an hours.
- John has been living in Cambodia for over two years now.
2) An action has been in progress up to the recent past, especially when the action has results in the present.
Example:
- It’s been raining.
- Nancy looks well. She has been exercising a lot to lose weight.
- “Haven’t seen anything of Jimy for a while”. “No, he has been working in USA”.
3) Repeated actions or situations in a period up to the present or the recent past.
Example:
- I have been driving license for a year.
- They have been living in China for 5 years.
- Dany has been working NIS for seven months.
FORMULA
Positive Sentence:
Subject + have/has + been + verb-ing + obj/comp
Example:
- He has been watching TV all day.
- I have been looking for you for an hour.
- We have been studying English since 2008.
Negative Sentence:
Sub + have/has + not + been + verb-ing + obj/Comp
Example:
- Nara has not been feeling very well recently.
- They have not been working hard these days.
- We have not been finding out our money.
Question:
Have/Has + sub + been + verb-ing + obj/comp ?
Example:
- How long has it been snowing?
- How long have you living in Cambodia?

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