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Thursday, 23 October 2014

Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

In Simple Present, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing being said about its completeness. It is used to talk about an action which happens on a regular basis.
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
VERB
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
study
in Bal Bharti school.
You
study
in Bal Bharti school.
He
studies
in Bal Bharti school.
Mohan
studies
in Bal Bharti school.
The boy
studies
in Bal Bharti school.
She
studies
in Bal Bharti school.
Pooja
studies
in Bal Bharti school.
The girl
studies
in Bal Bharti school.
We
study
in Bal Bharti school.
You
study
in Bal Bharti school.
They
study
in Bal Bharti school.
The children
study
in Bal Bharti school.
Notice how we use ‘study’ for the subjects I, You, We, You and They and we use ‘studies’ for the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’.
NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
DON’T (DO NOT) / DOESN’T (DOES NOT)
VERB
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
don’t
play
football.
You
don’t
play
football.
He
doesn’t
play
football.
Mohan
doesn’t
play
football.
The boy
doesn’t
play
football.
She
doesn’t
play
football.
Pooja
doesn’t
play
football.
The girl
doesn’t
play
football.
We
don’t
play
football.
You
don’t
play
football.
They
don’t
play
football.
The men
don’t
play
football.
Notice how we use ‘don’t’ for the subjects I, You, We, You and They
and we use ‘doesn’t’ for the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’. The verb form remains the same for all subjects.
INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
DO / DOES
SUBJECT
VERB
REST OF THE SENTENCE
Do
I
sleep
in the afternoon?
Do
you
sleep
in the afternoon?
Does
he
sleep
in the afternoon?
Does
Mohan
sleep
in the afternoon?
Does
the boy
sleep
in the afternoon?
Does
she
sleep
in the afternoon?
Does
Pooja
sleep
in the afternoon?
Does
the girl
sleep
in the afternoon?
Do
we
sleep
in the afternoon?
Do
you
sleep
in the afternoon?
Do
they
sleep
in the afternoon?
Do
the men
sleep
in the afternoon?
Notice how we use ‘Do’ for the subjects I, You, We, You and They
and we use ‘Does’ for the subjects ‘He’ and ‘She’. The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

What is Simple Present Tense?

USE: We use PRESENT SIMPLE to talk about:
1) PERMANENT SITUATIONS: An action or a situation is generally or permanently true.
Example:
- We are English teachers at International School.
- Bopha lives in Cambodia.
- They have a lot of friends in the class.
2) ROUTINES: An action or something which we do regularly.
Example:
- Ratha always gets up at 5.30 and does exercises every morning.
- He goes to school by bicycle everyday.
- When he has free time, he plays football with his friends.
3) FACTS: Something which is in scientific.
Example:
- The earth moves round the sun.
- Spiders have eight legs.
- Aspirin is a medicine used to relieve headache.
4) PROGRAMS AND TIMETABLES: Something which is already prepared and organized with definite time expression in the schedule for the future action.
Example:
- The train to Sihanouk Ville leaves at 7.30 and gets in to the station at 10.30.
- The call in program starts at 8.25.
- My work starts at 7:00 a.m. and finishes at 5:00 p.m.
FORMULA
Positive Sentence1:
Subject + bare infinitive + (object/complement)
Example:
- She cries.
- All Cambodian people are very friendly.
- Children eat ice-cream.
Positive Sentence1:
Sub + modal verb + bare infinitive + (obj/comp)
Example:
- They can listen in English.
- You should study hard.
Negative Sentence1:
Sub + be + not + obj/comp
Example:
- We are not students.
- That man is not happy.
Negative Sentence2:
Sub + modal verb + not + bare infinitive + (obj/comp)
Example:
- It may not rain.
- Students should not do bad things.
- You cannot be happy.
Negative Sentence3:
Sub + do/does + not + normal verb + (obj/comp)
Example:
- They do not laugh.
- Dara does not drink beer.
- Many people do not get up late.
Question1:
Be + Sub + obj/comp ?
Example:
- Is Chenda a businesswoman?
- Are your students clever?
Question2:
Modal verb + sub + bare infinitive + (obj/comp) ?
Example:
- Should you smile?
- Can Sitha speak English?
- May you move away from here?
Question3:
Do/Does + sub + bare infinitive + (obj/comp) ?
Example:
- Do people have to marry?
- Does John teach English?

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