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Thursday, 23 October 2014

Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense

In the Simple Past tense, the action is simply mentioned and understood to have taken place in the past. The action started and ended sometime in the past but the time may or may not be mentioned.
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
VERB (in past form)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
played
cricket yesterday.
You
played
cricket yesterday.
He
played
cricket yesterday.
Mohan
played
cricket yesterday.
The boy
played
cricket yesterday.
She
played
cricket yesterday.
Pooja
played
cricket yesterday.
The girl
played
cricket yesterday.
We
played
cricket yesterday.
You
played
cricket yesterday.
They
played
cricket yesterday.
The children
played
cricket yesterday.
For making positive statements in the simple past tense, notice how we use the verb in the past form for all subjects.
NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT
DIDN’T (DID NOT)
VERB (in base form)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
I
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
You
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
He
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
Mohan
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
The boy
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
She
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
Pooja
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
The girl
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
We
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
You
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
They
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
The men
didn’t
talk
to Mohit last week.
For making negative statements in the simple past tense, notice how we use ‘didn’t’ or ‘did not’ and the verb in the base form for all subjects.
INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
DID
SUBJECT
VERB (in base form)
REST OF THE SENTENCE
Did
I
complete
the work?
Did
you
complete
the work?
Did
he
complete
the work?
Did
Mohan
complete
the work?
Did
the boy
complete
the work?
Did
she
complete
the work?
Did
Pooja
complete
the work?
Did
the girl
complete
the work?
Did
we
complete
the work?
Did
you
complete
the work?
Did
they
complete
the work?
Did
the men
complete
the work?
For making questions in the simple past tense, notice how we use ‘did’ and the verb in the base form for all subjects.

What is Simple Past Tense?

PAST SIMPLE

USE: We use PAST SIMPLE to talk about an action which happened and completely finished in the past (past action or situation) with the definite time expression.
Here are some definite time expressions.
last Monday, last week, last month, last year, last summer, yesterday, before yesterday, one year ago, in January, in 2008…
Example:
- I went to Russia last month.
- They arrived Cambodia at 5 p.m.
- She joined a part with me yesterday.
FORMULA
Positive Sentence:
Subject + past verb + Object/Complement
Example:
- I met my old friend this morning.
- Jony watched TV alone last night.
- They had a party last week.
Negative Sentence1:
Sub + did + not + infinitive + obj/comp
Example:
- She did not buy anything from the market this evening.
- He did not get married last month.
Negative Sentence2:
Sub + past modal verb + not + infinitive + obj/comp
Example:
- They could not sing yesterday.
- You would not wish anything last night.
Negative Sentence3:
Sub + was/were + not + obj/comp
Example:
- She was not happy yesterday.
- We are not at Phnom Penh this morning.
Question1:
Did + sub + infinitive + obj/comp ?
Example:
- Did you finish you work this afternoon?
- Did they get a letter from USA last week?
Question2:
Past modal verb + sub + infinitive + obj/comp ?
Example:
- Could she dance in the wedding party last night?
- Would you leave the party early last night?
Question3:
Was/Were + sub + obj/comp ?
Example:
- Was he good-looking in the event yesterday?

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