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Sunday, 19 October 2014

What Are Possessive Pronouns?


Possessive pronouns show ownership. The term possessive pronoun coverspossessive adjectives and absolute possessive pronouns.

The possessive pronouns are:
Possessive Adjectives
·         my
·         your
·         his
·         her
·         its
·         our
·         their
·         whose
Absolute Possessive Pronouns
·         mine
·         yours
·         his
·         hers
·         ours
·         theirs

Possessive Pronouns Replace Nouns

Possessive pronouns are used to indicate who (or what) owns something. Like all pronouns, possessive pronouns take the place of nouns in sentences. 

Look at these examples:
·         Take Sarah's car to the party.
·         Take her car to the party.
(In this example, the possessive adjective her replaces Sarah.)
·         Take hers to the party.
(In this example, the absolute possessive pronoun hers replaces Sarah's car.)

Examples of Possessive Pronouns

Below are examples of possessive pronouns. (There is a mix of possessive adjectives and absolute possessive pronouns.)
·         Take her spoon and put it by your plate.
(These are both possessive adjectives.)
·         His view is that it's come to the end of its working life.
(These are both possessive adjectives.)
·         Anyone who goes to a psychiatrist ought to have his head examined. (Samuel Goldwyn, 1882-1974)
(This is a possessive adjective.)
·         Humans are the only animals that have children on purpose with the exception of guppies, who like to eat theirs. (P J O'Rourke)
(This is an absolute possessive pronoun.)
·         We cherish our friends not for their ability to amuse us, but for ours to amuse them. (Evelyn Waugh, 1903-1966)
(our and their = possessive adjectives / ours = absolute possessive pronoun)

Possessive Pronouns

Definition
A possessive pronoun is a part of speech that attributes ownership to someone or something. Like any other pronoun, it substitutes a noun phrase and can prevent its repetition. For example, in the phrase, "These glasses are mine, not yours", the words "mine" and "yours" are possessive pronouns and stand for "my glasses" and "your glasses," respectively.
Examples
This is our house. It's ours.
This is
 my bedroom. It's mine.
This is
 my brother's bike. It's his
.
Subject Pronouns
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
Possessive
Adjectives
my
your
his
her
its
our
your
their
Pronouns
mine
yours
his
hers
its
ours
yours
theirs
The words "mine, yours, his, hers, its , ours, theirs" are possessive pronouns. They show who or what something belongs to.
Note
1. A possessive pronoun differs from a possessive adjective.
Examples:
·         What color is your brother's jacket?
His jacket is black.
(
your and his are possessive adjectives; your and his modify the noun jacket in both examples)
·         What color is yours?
Mine is blue.
(
yours and mine are possessive pronouns - yours functions as a subject complement in the first example; mine functions as a subject in the second example)
2. "It's" is not a possessive pronoun or adjective; it is a contraction of it is or it has.
Example:
·         It's not my book = it is not my book
·         It's got five bedrooms = it has got five bedrooms

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