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Sunday, 19 October 2014

What Are Personal Pronouns? (With Examples)


Personal pronouns represent people or things. The personal pronouns are:
·         I
·         you
·         he
·         she
·         it
·         we
·         they

Subjective Personal Pronouns

The list above shows the subjective personal pronouns. These are the versions used for the subjects of verbs. For example:
·         You are happy.
·         They won the league.

Objective Personal Pronouns

The objective personal pronouns are me, you, him, her, it, us, and them.

These are the versions used when the personal pronouns are objects (like direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions). For example:
·         Paul knows her.
(The personal pronoun is a direct object.)
·         Paul gave them the letter.
(The personal pronoun is an indirect object.)
·         Paul went with him.
(The personal pronoun is an object of a preposition.)

Choosing Personal Pronouns

Native English speakers rarely make mistakes when selecting which personal pronoun to use. However, whether we know it or not, we all select a personal pronoun having first determined its:
·         Number
Is the personal pronoun representing something singular or plural? 
·         Person
Is the personal pronoun representing something:

In the first person? (This is the speaker himself or a group that includes the speaker, i.e., I, me, we, and us.)

In the second person? (This is the speaker's audience, i.e., you.)

In the third person? (This is everybody else, i.e., he, she,it, they.) 
·         Gender
Is the personal pronoun representing something male, female, or neuter?
·         Case
Is the personal pronoun representing something which is a subject or an object?

The Personal Pronouns and Their Possessive Versions

The table below shows the subjective personal pronouns and the objective personal pronouns. For completeness, it also shows the associated possessive adjectives and absolute possessive pronouns.
Person
Subjective Case
Objective Case
Possessive Case
Possessive Adjective
Possessive Case
Absolute Possessive Pronouns
First Person Singular
I
me
my
mine
Second Person Singular
you
you
your
yours
Third Person Singular
he/she/it
him/her/it
his/her/its
his/hers/its
First Person Plural
we
us
our
ours
Second Person Plural
you
you
your
yours
Third Person Plural
they
them
their
theirs


Personal pronouns
Possessive adjectives
Possessive pronouns
Reflexive pronouns
Object pronouns
I
my
mine
myself
me
you
your
yours
yourself
you
he
his
his
himself
him
she
her
hers
herself
her
it
its
its
itself
it
we
our
ours
ourselves
us
you
your
yours
yourselves
you
they
their
theirs
themselves
them
Pronoun

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