Sunday, 26 October 2014

Rules for changing Active Voice into Passive Voice:

Rules for changing Active Voice into Passive Voice:
·         Identify the subject, the verb and the object: SVO
·         Change the object into subject
·         Put the suitable helping verb or auxiliary verb. In case helping verb is given, use the same. But note that the helping verb given agrees with the object.
·         Change the verb into past participle of the verb.
·         Add the preposition "by"
·         Change the subject into object.
Active Voice
Passive Voice
I write a letter
A letter is written by me
We must keep the rule
The rule must be kept by us
You bought a book
A book have been bought by you
He closed the window
The window was closed by him
She was writing letters
Letters were being written by her
I had posted a letter
A letter had been posted by me
I do not drink tea
Tea is not drunk by me
She does not eat a mango
A mango is not eaten by her
He will have finished his work
The work will have been finished by him
They are digging a well
A well is being dug by them

Imperative Sentence :
If the given sentence in the active voice is in the imperative, to get the passive voice use ‘Let’. Hence
Passive Voice = Let + Object + be + Past Participle
Active Voice
Passive Voice
Help me
Let me be helped
Sing a song
Let a song be sing
Open the door
Let the door be opened
Don’t eat this fruit
Let not this fruit be eaten
Questions in the Passive :
If the question in the Active Voice begins with a Helping verb the Passive voice must also begin with a suitable helping verb. Supposing the question begins with ‘Wh or How’ form (what, when, how ...) the Passive Voice must begin with the same.
Active Voice
Passive Voice
Are you writing a letter?
Is a letter being written by you?
Is she beating the child?
Is the child beaten by her?
Will you accept the position?
Will the position be accepted by you?
Who broke the window?
By whom was the window broken?
Why did you write such a letter?
Why was such a letter written by you?
Where can you hide this box?
Where can this box be hidden by you?

Sentence with two objects:

If a sentence contains two objects namely Indirect Object and Direct Object in the Active Voice, two forms of Passive Voice can be formed.
·         She brought me a cup of coffee. (AV)
I was brought a cup of coffee by her. (PV) (or)
A cup of coffee was brought [to] me by her. (PV)
·         The teacher teaches us grammar. (AV)
We are taught grammar by the teacher. (PV) (or)
Grammar is taught [to] us by the teacher. (PV)
·         They made him king. (AV)
He was made king by them. (PV)
Infinitive and Gerund :

·         I want to shoot the tiger. (AV)
I want the tiger to be shoot. (PV)

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