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Sunday, 26 October 2014

Active and passive voice Rule with tenses, Active and passive voice: overview chart

Active and passive voice Rule with tenses

Simple Present Tense
is,am,are+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
He lights the candle.
The candle is lighted by him.
He does not light the candle.
The candle is not lighted by him.
Do you eat meat?
Is meat eaten by you?
Present Continuous Tense
 is,am,are+being+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
am driving a car.
A car is being driven by me.
am not driving a car.
A car is not being driven by me.
Am I driving a car?
Is a car being driven by me?
Present Perfect Tense
 has,have+been+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
She has stolen my book.
My book has been stolen by her.
She has not stolen my book.
My book has been stolen by her.
Has she stolen my book?
Has my book been stolen by her?
Simple Past Tense
was,were+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
She finished work.
Work was finished by her.
She did not finish work.
Work was not finished by her.
Did she finish work?
Was work finished by her?
Past Continuous Tense
was,were+being+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
He was revising his books.
His books were being revised by him.
He was not revising his books.
His books were not revising by him.
Was he revising his books?
Were his books revising by him?
Past Perfect Tense
 had+been+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
had completed the assignment.
The assignment had been completed by me.
had not completed the assignment.
The assignment had not been completed by me.
Had I completed the assignment?
Had the assignment been completed by me?
Simple Future Tense
will,shall+be+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
My uncle will pay my tuition fee.
My tuition fee will be paid by my uncle.
My uncle will not pay my tuition fee.
My tuition fee will not be paid by my uncle.
Will my uncle pay my tuition fee?
Will my tuition fee be paid by my uncle?
Future Perfect Tense
will, shall+ have been+3rd verb
Active Voice
Passive Voice
We shall have done our home-work.
Our home -work shall have been done by us.
We shall not have done our home-work.
Our home -work shall not have been done by us.
Shall We have done our home –work?
Shall our home -work have been done by us?

 Note: In Present perfect continuous tense, Past perfect continuous tense, Future perfect continuous tense, Future perfect tense, we use the same sentence in passive voice. It means these tense cannot be changed in passive form.

Active and passive voice: overview chart

Here is a quick overview of the active and passive voice verb forms.
Tense
Active voice
Passive voice
Simple present tense
Verb form: first form of the verb
Examples
They speak English here.
He speaks English.

Verb form: is / am / are + past participle form of the verb
Examples
English is spoken here.
English is spoken by him.

Present continuous tense
Verb form: is/am/are + -ing form of the verb

Examples
She is writing a letter.
I am learning my lessons.
You are making a cake.
Verb form: is/am/are + being + past participle form of the verb

Examples
A letter is being written by her.
My lessons are being learnt by me.
A cake is being made by you.

resent perfect tense
Verb form: has/have + past participle form of the verb

Examples:

I have written a novel.
She has finished the job.
You have written letters.
Verb form: has/have + been + past participle form of the verb

Examples:

A novel has been written by me.
The job has been finished by her.
Letters have been written by you.
Simple past
Verb form: past tense form of the verb

Examples:
I wrote a letter.
Ram broke a glass.
You missed the chance.
Verb form: was/were + past participle form of the verb

Examples:
A letter was written by me.
A glass was broken by Ram.
The chance was missed by you.

Past continuous tense
Verb form: was/were + -ing form of the verb

Examples
I was learning my lessons.
She was writing a report.
They were making toys.
Verb form: was/were + being + past participle form of the verb

Examples
My lessons were being learnt by me.
A report was being written by her.
Toys were being made by them.

Past perfect tense
Verb form: had + past participle form of the verb

Examples
I had finished the project.
She had learned her lessons.
Verb form: had + been + past participle form of the verb

Examples:
The project had been finished by me.
Her lessons had been learned by her.
Simple future tense
Verb form: will/shall + first form of the verb

Examples
I will finish the job.
She will solve the problem.
Verb form: will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb

Examples:
The job will be finished by me.
The problem will be solved by her.
Future perfect
Verb form: will/shall + have + past participle form of the verb

Examples
I will have finished the job.
She will have solved the problem.

Verb form: will/shall + have + been + past participle form of the verb

Examples
The job will have been finished by me.
The problem will have been solved by her.

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