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Monday, 20 October 2014

What are irregular verbs? IRREGULAR VERBS (With Example)

IRREGULAR VERBS
Irregular verbs follow no fixed rules for forming the various past, present, and future tenses. You simply have to memorize them or consult your dictionary. Some of the most commonly used irregular verbs are listed below.

Base Form
Past Simple
Past Participle
be
beat
become
bend
break
buy
cast
choose
come
cut
do
draw
drink
drive
eat
fight
find
fly
get
give
go
grow
have
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
know
leave
make
meet
put
read
ride
ring
run
say
see
sell
send
sing
sit
sleep
speak
spend
stand
steal
swim
take
teach
tell
think
throw
understand
wear
win
write
was
beat
became
bent
broke
bought
cast
chose
came
cut
did
drew
drank
drove
ate
fought
found
flew
got
gave
went
grew
had
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knew
left
made
met
put
read
rode
rang
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
sang
sat
slept
spoke
spent
stood
stole
swam
took
taught
told
thank
threw
understood
wore
won
wrote
been
beaten
become
bent
broken
bought
cast
chosen
come
cut
done
drawn
drunk
driven
eaten
fought
found
flown
gotten
given
gone
grown
had
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
known
left
made
met
put
read
ridden
rung
ran
said
seen
sold
sent
sung
sat
slept
spoken
spent
stood
stolen
swum
taken
taught
told
thought
thrown
understood
worn
won
written

What are irregular verbs?
Regular verbs have ed at the end of the simple past and past participle forms:
Base verb + ed
Examples of regular verbs:
Infinitive
Simple past
Past participle
play
played
played
visit
visited
visited
work
worked
worked
In contrast to the above examples of regular verbs, irregular verbs are verbs which don't follow the above pattern of conjugation.
Irregular verbs
Irregular verb forms can not be predicted, that's why you should learn them by heart. The best way to deal with them is as follows:
·         Use them in appropriate contexts (in your writing or in your conversation)
·         Write down examples in your exercise book.
·         Always keep a list of irregular verbs at your disposal. (Note that most language books include a section at the end for irregular verbs.)
A list of irregular verbs
Infinitive
Simple Past Tense
Past Participle
awake
awoke
awoken
be
was, were
been
bear
bore
born
beat
beat
beat
become
became
become
begin
began
begun
bend
bent
bent
beset
beset
beset
bet
bet
bet
bid
bid / bade
bid / bidden
bind
bound
bound
bite
bit
bitten
bleed
bled
bled
blow
blew
blown
break
broke
broken
breed
bred
bred
bring
brought
brought
broadcast
broadcast
broadcast
build
built
built
burn
burned / burnt
burned / burnt
burst
burst
burst
buy
bought
bought
cast
cast
cast
catch
caught
caught
choose
chose
chosen
cling
clung
clung
come
came
come
cost
cost
cost
creep
crept
crept
cut
cut
cut
deal
dealt
dealt
dig
dug
dug
dive
dived / dove
dived
do
did
done
draw
drew
drawn
dream
dreamed / dreamt
dreamed / dreamt
drive
drove
driven
drink
drank
drunk
eat
ate
eaten
fall
fell
fallen
feed
fed
fed
feel
felt
felt
fight
fought
fought
find
found
found
fit
fit
fit
flee
fled
fled
fling
flung
flung
fly
flew
flown
forbid
forbade
forbidden
forget
forgot
forgotten
forego (forgo)
forewent
foregone
forgive
forgave
forgiven
forsake
forsook
forsaken
freeze
froze
frozen
get
got
gotten
give
gave
given
go
went
gone
grind
ground
ground
grow
grew
grown
hang
hung
hung
hear
heard
heard
hide
hid
hidden
hit
hit
hit
hold
held
held
hurt
hurt
hurt
keep
kept
kept
kneel
knelt
knelt
knit
knit
knit
know
knew
know
lay
laid
laid
lead
led
led
leap
leaped / leapt
leaped / leapt
learn
learned / learnt
learned / learnt
leave
left
left
lend
lent
lent
let
let
let
lie
lay
lain
light
lighted/lit
lighted
lose
lost
lost
make
made
made
mean
meant
meant
meet
met
met
misspell
misspelled / misspelt
misspelled / misspelt
mistake
mistook
mistaken
mow
mowed
mowed / mown
overcome
overcame
overcome
overdo
overdid
overdone
overtake
overtook
overtaken
overthrow
overthrew
overthrown
pay
paid
paid
plead
pleaded / pled
pleaded / pled
prove
proved
proved / proven
put
put
put
quit
quit
quit
read
read
read
rid
rid
rid
ride
rode
ridden
ring
rang
rung
rise
rose
risen
run
ran
run
saw
sawed
sawed / sawn
say
said
said
see
saw
seen
seek
sought
sought
sell
sold
sold
send
sent
sent
set
set
set
sew
sewed
sewed / sewn
shake
shook
shaken
shave
shaved
shaved / shaven
shear
sheared / shore
sheared / shorn
shed
shed
shed
shine
shone
shone
shoe
shod
shod
shoot
shot
shot
show
showed
showed / shown
shrink
shrank
shrunk
shut
shut
shut
sing
sang
sung
sink
sank
sunk
sit
sat
sat
sleep
slept
slept
slay
slew
slain
slide
slid
slid
sling
slung
slung
slit
slit
slit
smite
smote
smitten
sow
sowed
sowed / sown
speak
spoke
spoken
speed
sped
sped
spend
spent
spent
spill
spilled / spilt
spilled / spilt
spin
spun
spun
spit
spit / spat
spit
split
split
split
spread
spread
spread
spring
sprang / sprung
sprung
stand
stood
stood
steal
stole
stolen
stick
stuck
stuck
sting
stung
stung
stink
stank
stunk
stride
strode
stridden
strike
struck
struck
string
strung
strung
strive
strove
striven
swear
swore
sworn
sweep
swept
swept
swell
swelled
swelled / swollen 
swim
swam
swum
swing
swung
swung
take
took
taken
teach
taught
taught
tear
tore
torn
tell
told
told
think
thought
thought
thrive
thrived / throve
thrived
throw
threw
thrown
thrust
thrust
thrust
tread
trod
trodden
understand
understood
understood
uphold
upheld
upheld
upset
upset
upset
wake
woke
woken
wear
wore
worn
weave
weaved / wove
weaved / woven
wed
wed
wed
weep
wept
wept
wind
wound
wound
win
won
won
withhold
withheld
withheld
withstand
withstood
withstood
wring
wrung
wrung
write
wrote
written

What Is aVerb? (With Example)

Types ofverb (With example)

Transitive verbs 

 Finite verb

Non-finite verb

Linking verbs

REGULAR VERBS

IRREGULAR VERBS 

Causative verbs 

Stative verbs and dynamic verbs

OVERALLSPECIAL VERBS

Phrasal verbs

VERB +TO-INFINITIVE OR BARE INFINITIVE

VERB +TO-INFINITIVE OR GERUND

VERB +OBJECT + TO-INFINITIVE OR GERUND

Verbs + WH-CLAUSE (With Example)

HAVE/GET ANDWANT SOMETHING DONE

VERBS + TWOOBJECTS ( With Example)

MOOD (With Example)

Phrasal verbswith a verb + preposition

PHRASALVERBS WITH A VERB + AN ADVERB

DISTINGUISHING PHRASAL VERB

PHRASALVERBS WITH A VERB + AN ADVERB OR A PREPOSITION

PHRASALVERBS WITH A VERB +AN ADVERB + A PREPOSITION

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