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Tuesday, 21 October 2014

Forming adverbs (with example)

FORMING ADVERBS
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. They answer the questions When? Where? How? Or How much? Adverbs describe an action or state of being in greater detail and can provide a more vivid picture of what is happening.
Example:
- She always signs her name with “Ms.” (When?)
- They put the children downstairs? (Where?)
- Knead the dough slowly. (How?)
- I objected mildly to the suggestion. (How much?)
1) First Case
Most adverbs can be formed from the adjectives by adding “ly” at the end.
Adjective
Adverb
Careful
Collective
Beautiful
Frequent
Normal
Important
Free
True
Fair
General
Sincere
Foolish
Quiet
Silent
Surprising
Carefully
Collectively
Beautifully
Frequently
Normally
Importantly
Freely
Truly
Fairly
Generally
Sincerely
Foolishly
Quietly
Silently
Surprisingly
NOTE 1: Some adverbs have two or more syllables and end in “consonant + y” we have to change y to before adding “ly”.
Adjective
Adverb
Easy
Necessary
Happy
Risky
Healthy
Wealthy
Easily
Necessarily
Happily
Riskily
Healthily
Wealthily
NOTE 2: Some adverbs have only one syllable and end in “consonant + y” we must just add “ly” to the adjectives to form adverbs.
Adjective
Adverb
Shy
Sly
Shyly
Slyly
WARNING: Some words end in “ly” but they are not adverbs. The following words are the adjectives but not adverbs.
Lovely, friendly…
2) Second Case
Some adverbs can be made from adjectives but we don’t add “ly.” For those adverbs we have to change their form from the adjectives to adverbs. Notice that we use the superlative degree of the adjective to form adverbs.
Adjective
Adverb
Late
Many
Good
Last
Most
Well
3) Third Case
For some adverbs can be made from the adjectives without changing any letter and we just keep the same form from adjectives.
Adjective
Adverb
Cowardly
Hourly
Hard
Fast
Late
Well
Cowardly
Hourly
Hard
Fast
Late
Well

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