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Monday, 20 October 2014

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVE

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVE
RULE 1: For adjective which contains one syllable; we add “ER” at the end of the adjective to make comparative form and we add “EST” to make superlative form.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
black
small
tall
blacker
smaller
taller
blackest
smallest
tallest
RULE 2: For adjective which contains one syllable, but ending in “E” we only add “R” to make comparative form and “ST” to make superlative form.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
brave
white
large
braver
whiter
larger
bravest
whitest
largest
RULE 3: For adjective which contains one syllable, but there is a vowel between consonants we use double letters for the last consonant before adding “ER” or “EST” to make comparative and superlative form.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
red
big
thin
redder
bigger
thinner
reddest
biggest
thinnest
RULE 4: For adjective which contains two or more syllables, but ending in “Y” we change “Y” to “IER” or “IEST” to make comparative or superlative form.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
happy
merry
dirty
happier
merrier
dirtier
happiest
merriest
dirtiest
NOTE 1: If the adjective ending in “Y”, but before “Y” there is a vowel we don’t change “Y” to “IER” or “IEST” we only add “ER” or “EST” to make comparative or superlative form.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
gray
gay
grayer
gayer
grayest
gayest
NOTE 2: If the adjective ending in “Y”, but contains only one syllable; we don’t change “Y” to “IER” or “IEST”: we only add “ER” or “EST” to make comparative or superlative form.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
shy
sly
shyer
slyer
shyest
slyest
RULE 5: For adjective that comprises two or more syllables; when we want to make comparative or superlative form we use “MORE” or “MOST”.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
beautiful
expensive
handsome
more beautiful
more expensive
more handsome
most beautiful
most expensive
most handsome
NOTE: For some adjectives can take both forms “ER” and “EST” or “MORE” and “MOST”.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
polite
common
pleasant
stupid
clever
politer/more polite
commoner/more common
pleasanter/more pleasant
stupider/more stupid
cleverer/more clever
politest/most polite
commonest/most common
pleasantest/most pleasant
stupidest/most stupid
cleverest/most clever
RULE 6: For some adjectives can change their forms from positive to comparative or superlative without adding “ER” or “EST” and “MORE” or MOST”.
This kind of adjective is called “Irregular Adjective”.
Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
bad
good
little
many/much
far
fore
in
out
near
worse
better
less
more
farther/further
former
inner
outer
nearer
worst
best
least
most
farthest/furthest
first
innermost
outermost
nearest/next
Related Page:

What is anadjective clause?

TYPES OFADJECTIVE

POSITION OFADJECTIVE

COMPARISONOF ADJECTIVE

SENTENCES OFCOMPARISON

“ING” AND“ED” ADJECTIVE

ORDER OFADJECTIVE

COMPOUNDADJECTIVES

PREDICATEADJECTIVES

ADJECTIVESUSED WITH PREPOSITIONS

ADJECTIVES +THAT-CLAUSE OR TO-INFINTIVE

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