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Wednesday, 22 October 2014

What Is Sentence? (with example)

What Is Sentence?

sentence is a group of words that is used to say something, to ask something, or to tell somebody to do something. It gives enough information for a person to form a complete idea in his mind of the message that is being communicated to him. There are five kinds of sentences as follow:

What Is Sentence?

In simple terms, a sentence is a set of words that contain:
1.   a subject (what the sentence is about, the topic of the sentence)
2.   a predicate (what is said about the subject)
Look at this simple example:
<----- sentence ----->
subject
predicate
verb

You
speak
English.
The above example sentence is very short. Of course, a sentence can be longer and more complicated, but basically there is always a subject and a predicate. Look at this longer example:
<----- sentence ----->
subject
predicate
verb

Ram and Tara
speak
English when they are working.
Note that the predicate always contains a verb. Sometimes, in fact, the predicate is only a verb:
<----- sentence ----->
subject
predicate
verb

Smoke
rises.

So we can say that a sentence must contain at least a subject and verb.
There is one apparent exception to this – the imperative. When someone gives a command (the imperative), they usually do not use a subject. They don't say the subject because it is obvious - the subject is YOU! Look at these examples of the imperative, with and without a subject:
<----- sentence ----->
subject
predicate
verb


Stop!


Wait
a minute!
You
look!

Everybody
look!

Note that a sentence expresses a complete thought. Here are some examples of complete and incomplete thoughts:

complete thought?
He opened the door.
YES
Come in, please.
Do you like coffee?
people who work hard
NO
a fast-moving animal with big ears
Note also that a sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop* or a question mark or an exclamation mark. Look at these examples:

People need food.
How are you?
Look out!

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