loading...

Tuesday, 21 October 2014

Types of Conjunctions (with example)

Types of Conjunctions


CONJUNCTIONS
Conjunction is a word which is used to link a word or a group of words to the other part of the sentences and it shows the relationship between them. There are four kinds of Conjunction as follow:
1) Coordinating Conjunctions
2) Correlative Conjunctions
3) Subordinating Conjunction
4) Adverbial Conjunctions/Linking Adverbs
1) COORDINATING CONJUNCTION
Coordinating conjunction is used to join a single word like noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, phrase or clause. There are seven Coordinating conjunctions that are called FANBOYS. They are For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So.
Formula:
Sentence + , + FANBOYS + Sentence
Example:
1. She stares at me, for she loves me.
2. I know you, and I pity you, too.
3. He can’t dive a car, nor can you dive it.
For: is used to show a reason or a cause.
Example: We come here, for we want learn English.
And: is used to show additional information.
Example: She misses me, and she also loves me.
Nor: is used to show impossible result.
Example: She doesn’t love you, nor does she pity you.
But: is used to show the differences.
Example: They have many friends, but he still feels lonely.
Or: is used to show another choice.
Example: Students must learn their lesson, or they will fail the exams.
Yet: is used to show unexpected result.
Example: We study hard, yet we still fail our exams.
So: is used to show the result.
Example: She is very beautiful and friendly, so every body falls in love with her.
2) CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION
Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions which are used in pair and they emphasize the elements that join together. There are four pairs of Correlative conjunctions as follow:
1) Both .........................and...............................
2) Either .......................or.................................
3) Neither.....................nor................................
4) Not only ..................but also.........................
Example:
- I drink both wine and beer. (noun with noun)
- She either eats cake or drink beer. (verb with verb)
- He is neither famous nor popular. (adjective with adjective)
- She speaks not only sweetly but also softly. (adverb with adverb)
3) SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
Subordinating conjunctions are a word or phrase which is used to join the unequal elements. One element is called “main clause” and another is called “subordinate clause” which cannot stand alone. Those Subordinating Conjunctions are:
After, although, as, as much as, because, before, how, if, in order that, since, than, that, unless, until, what, where, when, which, why, who, whom, whose, whoever, whatever...
Example:
- She is honest although she is poor.
- I hope to see you before you go somewhere tomorrow.
- He will kill himself unless she loves him.
- She loves whoever is humble and kind.
4) ADVERBIAL CONJUNCTIONS/ LINKING ADVERBS
Adverbial conjunctions/Linking adverbs are the adverbs that are used to join two independent clauses. Adverbial conjunctions/Linking adverbs show the relationship between two sentences; and in general, adverbial conjunctions/linking adverbs express the resultcontrast, orcontinuation.
Results
Contrast
Continuation
Accordingly
As a result
As a consequence
Therefore
Thus
Hence
Nevertheless
However
Nonetheless
Conversely
Instead
On the other hand
Furthermore
Further
In addition
Also
Beside
Moreover
Formula:
Sentence + ; + Linking Adverb + , + Sentence
Example:
- They have never learned their lessons; as a result, they fall their lessons.
- He tries to satisfy her; however, she doesn’t love him.
- You pity me; moreover, you give me some money.

No comments:

Post a Comment