Sunday, 19 October 2014



Possessive Nouns are used to indicate ownership or possession.
1) Singular Possessive
To form the possessive of singular nouns, add ( ‘s ) to all nouns.
Singular Nouns
Singular Possessive
the boy’s Sony radio
the storm’s center
2) Plural Possessive
To form the possessive of plural nouns that end in “s” or “es”, add an apostrophe ( ‘ ) to the end of the word.
Plural Nouns
Plural Possessive
the candles’ light
the ships’ escorts
For nouns that form the plural any other way, add ( ‘s ) to the end of the word.
Plural Nouns
Plural Possessive
the children’s toys
the women’s department
the men’s club
3) Singular or Plural?
To decide whether to place the apostrophe ( ‘ ) before or after the (s), follow this simple rule: Rephrase the sentence substituting an “of phrase” for the possessive noun to determine if the noun is singular or plural.
Example: The (team’s, teams’) colors were on display.
Of Phrase
Possessive Form
color of the team (singular)
colors of the teams (plural)
team’s colors
teams’ colors
4) Individual and Joint Ownership
To show individual ownership, make both nouns in the sentence possessive.
Individual ownership: Mark’s and Arlene’s cars were stolen. (Each person had a car that was stolen.)
To show joint ownership, make only the final noun possessive.
Joint ownership: Mark and Arlene’s car was stolen. (The car belonged to both Mark and Arlene.)
NOTE: Individual ownership, the noun following the possessive is generally plural (cars), while in joint ownership the noun is singular (car). Look for this clue when deciding whether to use joint or individual possessive forms.

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